Turkish company Arcelik has said it is going to acquire Dawlance, a privately held Pakistani manufacturer of consumer durables, for $258 million.
According to a research note issued by Deutsche Bank to its clients, one of the subsidiaries of the Turkish company, Ardutch BV, has signed an agreement to acquire three companies based in Pakistan and British Virgin Islands that collectively own 100% shares of Dawlance.
The deal is likely to be closed by the end of 2016, as it requires approvals from competition authorities, purchase of minority stakes and transferring of land and buildings to the ownership of the company, it said.
When contacted by The Express Tribune, Dawlance General Manager for Sales and Marketing Hasan Jameel said he could neither confirm nor deny the deal.
Dawlance manufactures white goods – which are consumer durables like refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, microwave ovens and washing machines – in three factories and sells them in local and foreign markets.
Financial accounts of Dawlance are not public because of its private-limited status. However, according to the earnings details Dawlance has provided to Arcelik, it had revenues of $220.6 million in 2015. Similarly, its (adjusted) earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) amounted to $45 million (roughly Rs4.5 billion) last year. Its net debt amounted to $30 million at the end of 2015, according to Deutsche Bank.
Reason for sale
Although Jameel refused to entertain any questions with regard to the sale of Dawlance, sources close to the sponsors of Dawlance say the company had been on the auction block for the last five years.
Majority shares of Dawlance are owned by Bashir Dawood. He is a step-brother of Hussain Dawood, a corporate titan who controls majority shareholdings in HUBCO, Engro and Dawood Hercules groups.
Sources say the owner of Dawlance wanted to permanently move abroad. His children have established careers in fine arts and interior designing in Europe and the Middle East and apparently have little interest in managing the family business.
Bashir Dawood and his immediate family members reportedly own 100% shares in Dawlance through Pakistani as well as offshore companies. His name and those of his immediate family members, Farah and Mariyam Dawood, also appear in the recently leaked Panama papers. The leaks show the three family members are shareholders of Golden Lake Ventures Group Inc, a British Virgin Islands-based company.
There are four major players in Pakistan’s white goods market, namely Dawlance, PEL, Haier and Orient. Waves and Kenwood are relatively smaller players, albeit with significant shares in some segments of the durables market.
The microwaves segment is completely dominated by Dawlance in Pakistan with the company controlling about 70% market share, according to market sources.
Dawlance is also the single largest player in the refrigerator segment with up to 45% market share.
In air conditioners, however, Haier owns the largest market share (40%). Dawlance is a relatively small player in this segment with about one-tenth of the market share.
Dawlance boasts of having one of the widest dealers’ networks and after-sale networks in Pakistan. It has 37 branches in addition to 750-plus franchises across the country – a fact that distinguishes it from most of its competitors.
Web of companies
Dawlance operates through a complex web of subsidiaries in order to minimise its tax expense, inside sources say.
For example, a group company registered by the name of United Refrigeration Industries manufactures goods and then ‘sells’ to another subsidiary that either sells it onwards to local dealers or exports the durables.
Similarly, another company of the group by the name of Dawlance Real Estate owns a number of properties that are eventually rented out to other companies of the Dawlance group.
These roundabout transactions within the group companies help save dealers in terms of taxes, sources say, thus leaving the dealers with wider profit margins to pocket.
According to an internal memo sent out to all Dawlance employees early on Friday morning, Bashir Dawood will continue to “guide” the company in the future. The memo named four companies of the group, saying these would not be part of the proposed partnership “at this stage.”
One of the four group companies is United Sales, which handles the nationwide hire-purchase business for end-customers. Another company is Dawlance Marketing, the tax-registered entity for exports and high-profile key customers. In addition to Dawlance Real Estate, the memo also mentions Electric City, the group entity that carries Dawlance’s own retail outlets for cash-based sales to end-customers.
“We see benefits passing onto these entities as well and intend to… merge these entities and take our retail and hire-purchase setups global, starting with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh as the initially shortlisted markets to launch Dawlance,” it said.
Published in The Express Tribune, July 2nd, 2016.